Diabetes Type 1 And Type 2
Type 2 diabetes is sometimes referred to as mature onset diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than Type I. In Type 2 diabetes the pancreas either does not produce adequate levels of insulin or the body becomes resistant to its own insulin.
Type I diabetes, also known as adolescent diabetes, differs from Type 2 in that the body stops producing insulin altogether. Type 1 diabetes is generally diagnosed in children or young adults. Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in older adults, however, it is becoming substantially more prevalent in the younger population.
With the onset of diabetes, whether it be Diabetes Type 1 or Type 2, we lose our ability to adequately utilize sugar. When this occurs, blood sugar levels increase due to the body’s inability to transport sugar into the cells and out of the bloodstream. Sugar is very important in that it is the basic fuel source for the cells in our bodies. Insulin is necessary for the transport of sugar from the blood and into the cells.
Diabetes is a serious condition and can lead to many other health problems. Some problems that diabetics commonly encounter are an increased risk for heart and circulatory problems, high blood pressure, visual problems and blindness, nerve damage, and kidney damage.
With the diagnosis of diabetes Type 1 and Type 2, it becomes extremely important that blood sugar fluctuations are tightly controlled. With good control of blood sugar levels and the prevention of prolonged periods of elevated blood sugar, people with diabetes can live long and healthy lives.
Diabetes Type 1 And Type 2 Diagnose
Fortunately for the newly diagnosed diabetic, there are more and more tools available to help monitor and control the condition. Glucose meters are becoming smaller and easier to use. Blood samples necessary for glucose meter use are much smaller than in the past.
Painful finger pricks can now be avoided with blood samples being able to be taken from alternate, less sensitive areas, such as the forearm. In the relatively near future, there will be non-invasive glucose monitoring devices not requiring a sample of blood at all.
A simple blood test, known as the A1c test, can measure the average blood glucose levels over the previous three months. This test is a very good way to monitor and critique how effective current treatments, diet, medications, etc. have been recent. This test is now available for home use and as such does not even require a visit to the doctor.
Type 2 diabetics have more options available to them for blood sugar control than do Type I, diabetics. Not only are there oral medications, often eliminating the need for insulin injection treatment, but other methods may eliminate the need for medications altogether.
Type 2 diabetics should look to multiple sources of information in order to determine the best methods available to deal with their condition. A good start is a physician specializing in the treatment of diabetes. Most physician specialists will have nutritional counseling available to help understand the relationship of various food items with blood sugar levels.
Additionally, diabetics should become very familiar with vitamin, mineral, and herbal options to improve blood sugar metabolism and control. A few examples of supplements that are well known to help in this regard are chromium, magnesium, and vanadyl sulfate.
Various natural glucose transport factors can be very helpful in aiding the body’s transport of glucose from the blood and into the cells. Vanadyl sulfate has been shown to improve glucose sensitivity and decrease insulin resistance.
Various herbal preparations have been shown to significantly improve blood sugar levels, sugar metabolism, and reportedly even improve the function of the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Notably, Gymnema Sylvestre, known as “sugar destroyer” in Sanskrit, has been shown to have positive effects and benefits for diabetics.
Along with proper nutrition, appropriate supplements, and vitamins, other important considerations are weight control and exercise. Excess weight tremendously increases the burden on the pancreas as fat requires much more insulin than lean tissue. Exercise not only helps control body fat and reduce weight but additionally aids the transport of sugar from the blood and into the cells.
Diabetes is a very serious condition, but proper diet, glucose monitoring, and exercise can substantially improve our ability to control the condition. We should attempt to educate ourselves not only on the importance of tight blood sugar control but also on the various methods and options available to help in this regard.
By utilizing good judgment in diet, weight control, exercise, and appropriate supplementation, diabetics can markedly reduce complications and lead long and healthy lives.
Type 2 Diabetes: Review
In today’s world type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is mainly distinguished by insulin resistance, relative insulin deficiency, and hyperglycemia. In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells neglect the insulin.
Insulin is very much necessary for the body to be able to use sugar. Sugar is the important fuel of the cells in the body, as insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells. It is speedily increasing in this modernized world, and there is some evidence that this pattern will be followed much in the world in future years.
In the U.K. about 3 out of 100 people aged over 40, and about 10 out of 100 people aged over 65, have Type 2 diabetes. It is also very common in South Asian and African-Caribbean people.
Diabetes can also induce long-term problems in some people, including heart disease, strokes, unclear or blurred vision, and kidney damage. It is also related to acromegaly, Cushing’s syndrome, and a number of other endocrinological disorders.
In Type 2 diabetes there is more possibility to develop hypertension (high blood pressure), fluctuating levels of blood, fats (cholesterol and triglycerides). When these problems combine together in a person, doctors state this as metabolic syndrome.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is often connected with hypertension, obesity, and elevated cholesterol (combined hyperlipidemia), and with the condition of metabolic syndrome. Additional factors found to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus include early aging, high-fat diets, and a low active standard of living. Diabetes can invite many other malfunctions in the nerves, blood vessels, and gums.
These problems are not usually seen in kids or teenagers with type 2 diabetes mellitus who have had this disease for only a few years. The four general symptoms of Type 2 diabetes are frequent thirst, more and more urinal that too in large quantity, fatigue, and frequent weight loss. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a persistent, increasing disease that has no clinically proven cure up till now.
Intake a healthy diet to achieve a standard body weight while getting the nutrients needed to develop and grow. Performing regular exercise can help in controlling the amount of glucose in the blood. It also helps to burn excessive calories and fats in order to manage your weight. Testing your blood sugar at regular intervals of time helps you in finding out that how well your combination of diet, exercise, medication, and diet are functioning.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Curing Tips
- Regular and voluntarily performing exercise is important as well as useful for everyone.
- Check blood sugar levels by home testing before and after exercise.
- Use a diabetes identification bracelet and carry a mobile in case of an urgent situation.
- Make a habit to intake extra fluids that do not contain sugar before, during, and after exercise.
- Diet planning includes selecting healthy-nutritious foods, eating the right amount of food, and eating meals at the right time
- Carry food with you, which contains fast-acting carbohydrates in case of emergency when your blood sugar goes very low.
- In carnitine characteristics to increase insulin sensitivity and glucose storage in humans are proved and it is good to take.
- Taurine also shows significant progress in insulin sensitivity and hyperlipidemia.
Type 2 Diabetes: How To Step It Up To Get It Down
If you or a loved one has type 2 diabetes, you’re not alone. More than 18 million Americans have type 2 diabetes. For many people with type 2 diabetes, controlling blood sugar is a struggle every day. In fact, a report issued last year by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) showed that two out of three Americans with type 2 diabetes analyzed in a study were not in control of their blood sugar.
It is important to control blood sugar because it lowers the risk of serious health problems later. Diabetes can cause heart disease, stroke, blindness, loss of limbs, and kidney disease.
But now, there’s new help to better manage type 2 diabetes. Life and fitness coach Bob Harper of NBC’s “The Biggest Loser” and a panel of diabetes experts created easy-to-understand and motivational steps people can take to get their blood sugar down. They are called 6.5 Steps Toward Better Blood Sugar Control. These steps are different because they can fit easily into everyday living.
“Through my years of coaching and training, I’ve worked with many people with type 2 diabetes and have seen how hard it can be to live with this disease,” said Bob Harper. “But I learned that anyone can change their life. It’s all about finding the right tools and motivation. I urge people with type 2 diabetes to step it up and use the 6.5 Steps and make them a part of their daily lives.”
The 6.5 Steps can help people with type 2 diabetes every day because they focus on the basics of diabetes management: eating healthy, being physically active, monitoring blood sugar and, when appropriate, taking one or more medicines. These all play a part to help lower blood sugar.
Healthy Eating: Healthy eating reduces the risk for complications such as heart disease and stroke. Good choices include many foods, such as vegetables, whole grains, fruits, nonfat dairy products, beans, and lean meats, poultry and fish. There is no one perfect food, but watching portion sizes is key to a healthy diet.
Physical Activity: Regular physical activity can lower blood sugar levels. It can also help manage weight and reduce the risk of developing heart disease and high blood pressure. There are little things people with type 2 diabetes can do every day to be more active, such as walking with a friend or taking the stairs instead of the elevator.
Blood Sugar Monitoring: There are two tests for checking blood sugar. One test is the blood sugar monitoring that patients do on their own. It gives people with diabetes a check of their blood sugar level at the time the test is taken. The other one is called the A1C test. The A1C test shows a person’s average blood sugar levels over the previous two to three months. Experts say that a good A1C goal is 6.5 percent or less for most people with type 2 diabetes.
Medicines: Most people with type 2 diabetes take medicine to help control their blood sugar levels. Many need more than one medicine to help treat the disease in different ways.
For people with type 2 diabetes, it is important that they team up with their doctor or other health care professional and think of them as a partner. They should work with their health care team to make a plan to get their blood sugar under control.